Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. His primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes. [Wikipedia]
I first heard about him in 2006, when his portrait Adele Bloch-Bauer I registered the highest reported price ever paid for a painting up to that point ($135 million dollars). Since then he has become my favourite painter, and I’ve seen (luckily) some of his magnificent works in Vienna, New York and London.
In this post, I have compiled the main locations of his paintings plus some tours available in Vienna.
It is easier to group the paintings by museum/gallery. Most of his works are in Vienna, being The Belvedere Palace the place that exhibits the most, including the world-famous The Kiss.
Belvedere Palace (Vienna)
The Belvedere palaces were the summer residence of Prince Eugene of Savoy (Archduchy of Austria), and today house the greatest collection of Austrian art dating from the Middle Ages to the present day, complemented by the works of international artists.
This includes the world’s largest collection of Gustav Klimt’s paintings, which lies at the Upper Belvedere, and contains The Kiss (1908/09) and Judith (1901). It comprises 24 works ranging from his portraits to his landscapes and golden phase, and also his sketchbooks.
Some important works located in Belvedere are:
- This Kiss (Der Kuss)
- Judith I
- Portrait of a woman
- Sonja Knips
- Fritza Riedler
- Johanna Staude
- Avenue in Schloss Kammer Park
- Adam and Eve
- Portrait of Ria Munk III
- Old man on the deathbed
- Design for the allegory of music (organ player)
- Mother with two children
- Reclining male nude
- After the rain – Garden with chickens in St.Agatha
- Amalie Zuckerkandl
- Actor Josef Lewinsky as Carlos
- Bauernhaus in Buchberg
- Schloss Kammer am Attersee III
The Kiss is the gallery’s big star, with guards looking after people who want to take pictures, which are not allowed. The artwork is huge (180 cm × 180 cm) and impressive.
It has a black background, which I supposed contains all kinds of security measures. So if you want a picture, there is a poster at the entrance.
Leopold Museum (Vienna)
Leopold opened in 2001 and houses more than 5,000 works of modern Austrian art, including the world’s largest Egon Schiele collection. It is located in the popular area of Museums Quartier in Vienna.
The core of the collection consists of Austrian art of the first half of the 20th century, including key paintings and drawings by Egon Schiele and Gustav Klimt, showing the gradual transformation from the Wiener Secession, the Art Nouveau movement to Expressionism.
The museum hosts some key paintings by Klimt and about 100 drawings, including:
- Death and Life
- Still Pond (Stiller Weiher)
- Approaching Thunderstorm (The Large Poplar II)
- The Blind Man
The Secession Building (Vienna)
The Secession Building (Wiener Secessionsgebäude) is an exhibition hall built in 1897 by Joseph Maria Olbrich as an architectural manifesto for the Vienna Secession.
The Vienna Secession (also known as the Union of Austrian Artists, or Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs) was an art movement formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian artists who had resigned from the Association of Austrian Artists, housed in the Vienna Künstlerhaus. This movement included painters, sculptors, and architects.
Klimt became one of the founding members and president of the movement in 1897 and of the group’s periodical, Ver Sacrum (“Sacred Spring”). He remained with the Secession until 1908. The goals of the group were to provide exhibitions for unconventional young artists, to bring the works of the best foreign artists to Vienna, and to publish its own magazine to showcase the work of members. [Wikipedia]
The motto of the movement is written above the entrance of the pavilion: “To every age its art, to every art its freedom” (German: Der Zeit ihre Kunst. Der Kunst ihre Freiheit).
It houses the popular Beethoven Frieze, which is 34 meters in length and was intended to celebrate Beethoven’s 9th Symphony.
Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna)
The Kunsthistorisches Museum (also referred to as Museum of Art History or Museum of Fine Arts) is located in an impressive palace which was built between 1871 and 1891.
It is considered one of the five most significant fine art museums in the world, hosting collections of Egyptian, Greek, and Roman Antiquities, as well as imperial armoury, historical instruments and coins.
The building is rectangular in shape and topped with a dome that is 60 meters high. The inside of the building is lavishly decorated with marble, stucco ornamentations, gold leaf, and paintings.
Klimt’s works can be seen on the museum’s stairwell, between arches and columns, as shown in the picture above (11 out of 40 paintings were created by him). Another work in this museum is called Lady with a purple scarf (Dame Mit Lila Schal).
The Burgtheater is the Austrian National Theatre in Vienna and one of the most important German-language theatres in the world. It was originally opened in 1741, then largely destroyed during WWII and finally restored between 1953 and 1955.
Klimt created a number of paintings with his brother Ernst and Franz Matsch in the context of the Künstler-Compagnie (a studio collective) they had set up. Among these early works are the ceiling paintings created in 1887 for the Burgtheater’s grand staircases, and they already point towards the symbolistic phase of the fin-de-siècle in Vienna [burgtheater.at].
Klimt created four of the total number of ten paintings on the grand staircase:
- Shakespeares Globetheater
- Altar des Dionysos (on the Volksgarten side)
- Theater in Taormina (on the Landtmann side)
Additionally, a bundle of full-scale sketches for the ceiling paintings were found in the attic of the Burgtheater. These paintings are seminal pieces in Klimt’s early work, and they also include his only self-portrait.
The sketches are now accessible to the interested public in a permanent exhibition at a dedicated Klimt-Raum in the Burgtheater.
Neue Galerie (New York)
Neue Galerie is a museum of early twentieth-century German and Austrian art and design located in the former William Starr Miller House, a Louis XIII/Beaux-Arts structure located on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 86th Street. Established in 2001, it is one of the most recent additions to New York City’s famed Museum Mile.
In addition to its gallery spaces, the museum also contains a bookstore, a design shop, and two Viennese cafés, “Café Sabarsky” and “Café Fledermaus“.
In 2006, the art collector Ronald S. Lauder purchased Klimt’s painting Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I from Maria Altmann on behalf of the Neue Galerie. Citing a confidentiality agreement, Lauder would only confirm that the purchase price was more than the last record price of US$104.2 million US for Picasso’s 1905 Boy With a Pipe. The press reported the price for the Klimt at US$135 million, making it the most expensive painting ever sold at that time. [Wikipedia]
The Galerie also hosts the poster for the first Vienna Secession, a silver print of himself on a boat, another print of Emilie Floge, and a number of valuable sketches, including a couple of the Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer.
Vienna Museum (Wien Museum)
The Vienna Museum (Wien Museum or Museen der Stadt Wien) is a group of museums consisting of the museums of the history of the city.
In addition to the main building in Karlsplatz and the Hermesvilla, the group includes numerous specialised museums (Otto Wagner Pavilion and Hofpavillon, Prater Museum, Clock Museum and Fashion collection library), musicians’ residences (Mozart, Beethoven and Strauss residences, Eroica and Pasqualati houses, and Schubert birthplace and death place) and archaeological excavations (Michaelerplatz excavations, Vergilius Chapel, Museum and ruins of the Romans, and Neidhart frescoes).
The main building houses two of Klimt’s masterpieces, Portrait of Emilie Flöge (pictured above) and Pallas Athene, as well as 400 of his hand drawings.
Emilie Louise Flöge was an Austrian designer, fashion designer and businesswoman. She was the life companion of the painter Gustav Klimt.
More of his paintings around the World
- Two Girls with an Oleander. Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, US.
- The Three Ages of Woman. Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Comtemporanea, Rome, Italy.
- Portrait of Hermine Gallia, 1904. National Gallery, London, UK.
- Hope II. Museum of Modern Art, New York City, US.
- Mäda Gertrude Primavesi. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, US.
- Judith II (Salome). Cà Pesaro Galleria Internazionale d’Arte Moderna, Musei Civici Veneziani, Venice, Italy.
- The Virgins. National Gallery, Prague, Czech Republic.
- Teenage Girl. Galleria Ricci Oddi, Piacenza, Italy.
- Baby. National Gallery of Art, Washington, US.
- Nuda Veritas. Österreichisches Theatermuseum, Vienna, Austria.
- Friederike Maria Beer. Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel.
- Portrait of Eugenia Primavesi. Toyota Municipal Museum of Art, Toyota, Japan.
Privately owned paintings
There are many other works that are privately owned and not available for visitors. Among them, I would like to highlight Stoclet Fries, which is shown in the picture above.
The Stoclet Frieze is a series of three mosaics created by Klimt for the Palais Stoclet in Brussels. The panels depict a swirling Tree of life, a standing female figure and an embracing couple. The panels were placed along three walls of the Palace’s dining room.
The Stoclet Palace is a private mansion built by architect Josef Hoffmann (and considered his masterpiece) between 1905 and 1911 in Brussels for banker and art lover Adolphe Stoclet. The mansion is still occupied by the Stoclet family and is not open to visitors. It was designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO in June 2009. [klimt.com]
Normally, at any point in time, there are a number of temporal exhibitions about Klimt around the world. This is is latest, and probably one of the most innovative and impressive:
Bassins de Lumières
In Bordeaux, France, a submarine base has been turned into a museum. It will host one of the largest and most impressive digital art centres in the world.
It is an enormous construction of 42,000 m² and almost 20 metres deep on the banks of the Garonne, which the Germans built to house submarines during the Second World War.
“To mark its opening, the Bassins de Lumières will focus on a century of Viennese painting and take an original look at Gustav Klimt and his successors through a presentation of portraits, landscapes, nudes, colours, and gilding”.
This impressive work was created by Gianfranco Iannuzzi, Renato Gatto, and Massimiliano Siccardi, with the musical collaboration of Luca Longobardi.
Find below a map containing all the places mentioned in this post, with an image on each of them.
Klimt Tours in Vienna
Find below some tours about Klimt in Vienna, from the simple “skip the line” of the main museums to some others with guides and extras.
You can buy them online by following the links next to the titles.
- Belvedere Palace – Skip the Line (Buy: Tiqets)
- Belvedere: World-Class Art & Aristocratic Utopias Tour (Buy: Get Your Guide)
- Belvedere Palace 2.5-Hour Small-Group History Tour in Vienna (Buy: Viator)
- Gustav Klimt Vienna Combo: Belvedere Palace and Vienna Card (Buy: Viator)
- Leopold Museum – Fast Track (Buy: Viator, Tiqets, Get Your Guide)
For more information about Vienna, please visit our post “What to do in Vienna: hotels, attractions and restaurants“.
Appendix: Best Books about Gustav Klimt
The following list is a selection of works about artists, containing his paintings, history, critics and more.
- Gustav Klimt: Drawings and Paintings,
- Gustav Klimt: Complete Paintings XL, Gustav Klimt: Complete Paintings XXL,
- Gustav Klimt: Art Nouveau Visionary,
- Klimt (Basic Art Series 2.0)
Klimt’s fame around the World seems to be increasing day by day, as so does the merchandise available to buy. Besides books, posters and puzzles, all kinds of “Klimt-style” products can be found online, most of them depicting his art during the Golden Phase.