We can probably all agree that Italian food is one of the most influential cuisines in the World. And it is much more than pasta, pizza and gelatto. Each region has its own traditional food, and Sardinia is one of them.
This is our selection of traditional food in Sardinia.
Fregula (Fregola) is a type of pasta typically consists of semolina dough that has been rolled into balls 2–3 mm in diameter and toasted in an oven. Its core ingredients are semolina flour and water and they are normally toasted in the oven.
It is probably the most traditional food in Sardinia. You will find it everywhere, cold in saladas and also as a main meal. A typical preparation is to simmer it in a tomato-based sauce with clams or seafood.
The picture above is from Trattoria Zara Cafe in San Pantaleo, one of our favourite restaurants in the area.
Fregula has become very popular outside Italy as well, and you can easily find it in the supermarkets in the UK. It is also available on Amazon.
Culurgiones is another very traditional dish of Sardinia, more specifically from the Ogliastra area (North East). It is a stuffed pasta, similar to ravioli, made of semolina flour, white flour, eggs and water.
The filling can vary, being ricotta and pecorino cheese the most common ones. Boiled potatoes, garlic, mint, nutmeg and other types of cheese are also common ingredients. Some other places go beyond that and serve them with pork chops or beef, and even fried.
The picture above is from Pizzeria Zio Pedrillo, one of the most popular (and good) restaurants for pizza and pasta in Cala Gonone. If you are around, I totally recommend it.
Bastardoni (“Big Bastards”) was the most original -and maybe strangest- food we tried in Sardinia. They are basically prickly pears from cactus plants.
You will find them in all markets, and even in some restaurants. And you may also see people picking them up on the road with some sort of stick.
You have simply as a fruit. Fresh also made into juice and jams. In terms of taste, it is close to a pear, with a mild and citrus flavour. It has a lot of big seeds, but don’t be scared, people just swallow them.
The best ones are harvested in late spring, during a process knows as the scozzolatura. For more information about Bastardoni you can visit this website.
Focaccia.. and Ichnusa!
I doubt Focaccia needs too much explanation, as it is well known around the World. It is a flat oven-baked bread similar in style and texture to pizza dough. It can be used as a side to many meals, as a sandwich, hot and cold, as a starter, filled or topped up, and more.
You will find it everywhere in Sardinia. It is quite convenient to take to the beach as well. Our favourite place was in Alghero, a restaurant called Bar Focacceria Milese.
What is more representative of the island is its local beer, Ichnusa. It is a hoppy lager brewed in Assemini, a town near the Sardinian capital Cagliari. It is named after the Latinized ancient name for Sardinia, Hyknusa. I especially like its unfiltered “Non-filtrata” version. You will see its logo everywhere: flags, towels, umbrellas, t-shirts, hoodies, caps, and more.
Porchedu (suckling pig) is a delicious slow-cooked pork. It is normally cooked on a spit for 4 to 6 hours, resulting in a tender and crispy pork which is served with myrtle leaves on a cork or wooden tray.
The most common side dishes for the pork are potatoes (boiled or grilled), vegetables and salad.
Zuppa Gallurese is a traditional dish of northern Sardinia, an area called Gallura, hence its name. It consists of a number of layers of bread, cheese and meat, which are drenched with a lamb broth and served in a warm casserole with a crispy crust.
“Zuppa” is the Italian soup, but this is not a liquid dish and it is actually similar to a lasagne.
Seafood (Octopus salad)
Seafood is another speciality in Sardinia, as in any other an island in the Mediterranean. Octopus salad seems to be one of the favourite dishes, as we saw it in most restaurants.
Oysters, scallops, clams, squid and cuttlefish are the most common types os seafood you will find in the island.
Aperitivo in another classic all around Italy, and Sardinia is not the exception. It is a pre-meal drink (and snack/nibble) specifically meant to whet your appetite. Italians go to their favourite bar around 7 pm to get it. These places offer a nibble with each drink, which could be cheese, olives, crisps, quiches, vegetables, cured meats, pizza and even pasta.
The “aperitivo protocol” establishes that during the appropriate time range, the free appetizer is served together with the drink. You may notice that some cocktails are a bit expensive, and this is because of the food. You normally need to “opt-out”, or they will bring the food for you.
Recommended drinks for aperitivo are vermouth, Aperol spritz (picture above), Campari with orange juice, Negroni, Americano, Amaro.
One of our favourite aperitivo of the trip was in Caffe Nina, in the beautiful town of San Pantaleo.